Complex Coordinated Attack (CCA)


Killing or threatening to kill multiple unrelated individuals where there are [a] three or more attackers, or [b] simultaneous attack of two or more sites, or [c] an act of terrorism* which overwhelms the local jurisdiction and initiates a regional/statewide response.

*Title VIII, Section 802 of the USA PATRIOT Act: [An] act of terrorism means any activity that (A) involves a violent act or an act dangerous to human life that is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or of any State; and (B) appears to be intended (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (iii) to affect the conduct of a government by assassination or kidnapping.

Rescue Task Force (RTF)


A mixed discipline ad-hoc unit with a security element, a medical element, and a team leader who operate in the Warm Zone to triage patients, provide Indirect Threat Care, and coordinate casualty evacuation to an Ambulance Exchange Point. The unit is typically comprised of two (2) law enforcement officers and two (2) EMS personnel, however staffing may vary based on incident need and local policy. Typically one law enforcement officer serves on point and the other rear guard, escorting the EMS personnel and providing security.

Loading Zone


A large open area where all casualties from an incident are assembled, organized, and loaded into awaiting ambulances that then transport to directed hospitals. Typically used when casualties outnumber available transport ambulances.